An Under-Addressed Root of the Achievement Gap

By the time low income students enter 6th grade, many have spent an average of 6,000 less hours learning than middle class students through a combination of formal and informal learning. This is roughly equivalent to five years of formal schooling, and significantly influences the academic achievement gap.   The differential between the experiences of youth from different income groups, in what is referred to as the enrichment opportunity gap, poses a major challenge to the goal of ensuring that all of New York City’s young people are securely on the pathway to success in high school, college, career, and citizenship.